CPR is known to be a vital first aid skill that you can do easily for adults. Now, what if the unconscious patient happens to be an infant?
Of course things will be much more different when it’s infant or baby because of the size, and the fragile nature of these little ones. So how do the steps differ in baby CPR as compared to doing one for adults?
How to do CPR on a baby?
Before you start doing CPR, you should first diagnose the condition if it warrants CPR or not on the baby. This step is important as CPR for infants is difficult and can be dangerous if it’s not done properly.
1. Check if the infant is conscious. Do so by flicking the feet and checking for response. If none, then it can warrant CPR. Call emergency services too for support before you start.
2. If the baby is conscious, administer first aid first. If he/she coughs or gags, this is a good sign because the airway is only partially blocked. Back blows pointing downwards while the baby is on your lap. This can help unclog the throat.
3. Check for breathing and pulse. If there is none, then you should start the compressions to get a response. See details below on how to perform the skill for babies.
Baby CPR Steps
1. Compressions should now be started. Place 2 to 3 fingers on the chest and then provide fast, medium compressions for 30 times at the rate of 2 compressions per second. This should be constant and the depression of the chest should be around 2 inches so you know that it works. Continue doing so until you see a sign of life or response from the baby.
2. Open the airway by tilting the head or chin up.
3. Give the baby 2 rescue breaths to see if you can blow air into the lungs. Pinch the nose and then while the head is tilted, blow 2 breaths into the mouth. Then wait for a response within 10 seconds. If there is no response or no pulse after this, continue with compression. If you feel that there is something blocking the airway like food or something solid, check for methods to remove the item.
If a medical personnel arrives, transition the CPR smoothly. Finish your current compressions first before transferring the care to the medical professional.
In summary, doing baby CPR is a bit more difficult as compared to adults due to the fragility and complexities of the child. However, this should not prevent you from doing it because still, this can spell the difference between life and death for the child.
The best thing is to attend a practical course on how to do CPR for both child and adult. By doing so you will have more confidence in performing the technique and save a life in the future.