CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation is one of the emergency techniques that can influence the life or death of the patients. It may sound cliché, but the fact is in most cases, CPR proves to be the one skill that can save the patients back for 90% of the time.
However you are encouraged to take training courses to really master the skill. Even though some people can do it without training, the chances for survival will definitely increase if you have more adequate knowledge of CPR steps.
How to do CPR?
CPR entails three major steps to take. They are commonly known as ABC of CPR. But recently the procedure has been changed to CAB. Remember before performing the skill, make sure to call an emergency rescue team so that you can get professional medical assistance in case the CPR does not work as planned.
1. C for Compressions: Check for pulse, and if there is none, start your compression. Do this by locating the center of the chest, and perform approximately 30 compressions. Be sure not to be too forceful, but enough to push the sternum low and contact the heart. The rate should be at least twice per second.
2. A for Airway: Make sure there is adequate area that the patient can breathe. Clear the area if it is too crowded to make way for more oxygen. It is important to tilt the head of the patient before performing CPR because it helps to straighten the path of the air.
3. B for Breathing: Check for signs of breathing, and if there is none, it is the best indication to give rescue breaths. Providing mouth to mouth air by first pinching the nose and then blowing in the mouth not too forcefully. Approximately 1 second per blow is enough.
4. Repeat the steps and the compression as necessary until the patient is breathing or until the medical team arrives to administer advanced care.
Adult CPR compressions
The recommended number of compression is 30 times per round, and the rate is at least 2 compressions per second. The number of repetitions will vary based on the situation. Some may take less than 5 minutes to revive the patient. If the patient started to breath again, then you can stop performing CPR.
Infant CPR compressions
The main difference in an infant CPR is that you do not use your whole hands. Instead, only use 2 to 3 fingers to compress the chest. This is extremely important as children are very fragile. You might damage their chest and internal organs if you press too hard. The average number of compression is also at 30 per round.
Knowing how to perform first aid skill can spell the difference of saving lives. So, remember these CPR steps and be sure to take it seriously.