In the world of emergency medicine, CPR is one of the most basic terms you will always encounter and for a good reason.
You see, this is a basic for survival, especially for patients who has lost heartbeat and pulse for a minute or so. This can easily restore the heart to beating again, though not a sure-fire way to save a person. But it revives them temporarily to be able to perform other emergency techniques.
What does CPR stand for?
CPR stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, and from the words itself, it is directly related to the heart and lungs, meaning restore its function manually using techniques that will be discussed below.
Is CPR the same as ACLS?
CPR is very much different from ACLS. While CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, ACLS stands for Advanced Cardiac Life support. They are actually related. However, as for the ACLS, it can only be administered by professionals who have gone through the training and received the license. Doctors, emergency medical teams are the ones who usually have the ACLS license. Meanwhile, CPR can be administered by anyone who has been trained in basic course.
Is CPR the same as BLS?
BLS stands for basic life support, and it happens that CPR falls under the category of BLS. Basic Life support is a level of medical care that can be given to stabilize or revive the condition of a patient up until the point that the patient might be brought to a higher level of care or facility.
ACLS vs BLS
As mentioned, advanced cardiac life support can only be given by trained and licensed medical professionals. These skills are much more complex and would be more towards curing rather than simple emergency purposes. Basic life support is only for immediate reviving purposes and can be given by any trained individual, whether a professional or not.
What are the ABCs of CPR?
The ABCs of CPR are known as the three basic steps of performing the first aid skill. A stands for Airway, B stands for Breath and C stands for Compressions. However, the order of the steps has been changed recently where the chest compression is initiated first. By doing this it increases the chance of reviving the patient. Hence, the steps are now recognized as CAB.
Who can perform hands only CPR?
Anyone can actually perform this. But the key point is that you should know when to use it because it may not be appropriate all the time. Know the basics of when you should use it, or not, or attend courses to learn to apply it properly.
Dos and don’ts of CPR
Do’s: Call for help first when there is an emergency. This is to ensure professional help will arrive while you are in the process of trying to save someone. Then, check the patient’s condition and only give CPR if needed. Make sure the airway is okay and passable before you try to perform CPR.
CPR will not be effective if the patient is…
The catch with this skill is it is effective only if the patient appears to be under no conflicting condition. For example, check if the patient has chest or thorax damage especially during car crash accidents and such. If a person is in need for advanced treatment, you can forgo CPR.